ALBERT  BANDURA

Self-Efficacy

Among the mechanisms of human agency, none is more central or pervasive than people's beliefs in their efficacv to influence events that affect their lives. This core belief is the foundation of human inspiration, motivation, performance accomplishments, and emotional well-being. Unless people believe they can produce desired effects by their actions, they have little incentive to undertake activities or to persevere in the face of dificulties. Whatever other factors serve as guides and motivators, they are rooted in the core belief that one has the power to affect changes by one's actions. This core belief operates through its impact on cognitive, motivational, affective, and decisional processes.

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.
Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press.
Bandura, A. (1998). Personal and collective efficacy in human adaptation and change. In J. G. Adair, D. Belanger, & K. L. Dion (Eds.), Advances in psychological science: Vol. 1. Personal, social and cultural aspects (pp. 51-71). Hove, UK: Psychology Press.
Bandura, A. (1988). Perceived self-efficacy:  Exercise of control through self-belief.  In J. Dauwalder, M. Perrez, & V. Hobi (Eds.), Annual series of European research in behavior therapy (Vol. 2, pp. 27-59).  Lisse (NL): Swets & Zeitlinger.
Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency.  American Psychologist, 37, 122-147.
Bandura, A. (1988). Self-efficacy conception of anxiety.  Anxiety Research, 1, 77-98. 
Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory of organizational management.  Academy of Management Review, 14, 361-384.
Bandura, A. (1993). Perceived self-efficacy in cognitive development and functioning.  Educational Psychologist, 28, 117-148.
Bandura, A. (2000). Cultivate self-efficacy for personal and organizational efffectiveness. In E. A. Locke (Ed.), Handbook of principles of organization behavior. (pp. 120-136). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
Bandura, A. (2012). On the functional properties of self-efficacy revisited. Journal of Management. , 38, 9-44.
Bandura, A., & Locke, E. (2003). Negative self-efficacy and goal effects revisited. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 87-99.
Bandura, A. (2015). On deconstructing commentaries regarding alternative theories of personality. Journal of Management.

RESEARCH

Bandura, A., Taylor, C. B., Williams, S. L., Mefford, I. N., Barchas, J. D. (1985). Catecholamine secretion as a function of perceived coping self-efficacy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 406-414.
Bandura, A., Cioffi, D., Taylor, C., & Brouillard, M. (1988). Perceived self-efficacy in coping with cognitive stressors and opioid activation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 479-488.
Bandura, A., O’Leary, A., Taylor, C. B., Gauthier, J., & Gossard, D (1987). Perceived self-efficacy in coping with cognitive stressors and opioid activation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 479-488.
Bandura, A., & Wood, R. E. (1989). Effect of perceived controllability and performance standards on self-regulation of complex decision-making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 805-814.
Wood, R.E., Bandura, A. (1989). Impact of conceptions of ability on self-regulatory mechanisms and complex decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 407-415.
Ozer, E., & Bandura, A. (1990).Mechanisms governing empowerment effects: A self-efficacy analysis.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 472-486.
Zimmerman, B. J., Bandura, A., & Martinez-Pons, M. (1992).Self-motivation for    academic attainment: The role of self-efficacy beliefs and personal goal-setting.  American Educational Research Journal, 29, 663-676.
Bandura, A., & Cervone, D. (1986). Differential engagement of self-reactive influences in cognitive motivation.  Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 38, 92-113.
Bandura, A., Reese, L., & Adams N. E. (1982). Microanalysis of action and fear arousal as a function of differential levels of perceived self-efficacy.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 5-21.
Bandura, A., & Adams, N. E. (1977). Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1, 287-308.
Bandura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., & Pastorelli, C. (2001). Self-efficacy beliefs as shapers of children’s aspirations and career trajectories.  Child Development, 72, 187-206.
Caprara, G.V., Fida, A., Vecchionem, M., Del Bove, G., Vecchio, G.M., Barbaranelli, C., & Bandura, A. (2008). Longitudinal analysis of the role of perceived efficacy for self-regulated learning in academic continuance and achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 525-534.
Bandura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., & Pastorelli, C. (2001) Self-efficacy beliefs as shapers of children’s aspirations and career trajectories.  Child Development, 72, 187-206.
Bandura, A., Pastorelli, C., Barbaranelli, C., & Caprara, G. V. (1999) Self-efficacy pathways to childhood depression.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 258-269.
Bandura, A., Caprara, G.V., Barbaranelli, C., Regalia, C., & Scabini, E. (2011) Impact of family efficacy beliefs on quality of family functioning and satisfaction with family life. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 60, 421-448.
Fernández-Ballesteros, R., Díez-Nicolás, J., Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., & Bandura, A. (2002). Structural relation of perceived personal efficacy to perceived collective efficacy.  Applied Psychology: An International Review, 51, 107-125.
Stajkovic, A. D., Bandura, A., Locke, L.A. & Lee. D. (in press) . Test of three conceptual models of influence of the big five traits and self-efficacy on academic performance: A meta-analytic path-analysis. Personality and individual differences

VIDEOS

BOOKS

Bandura, A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman, 1997.
Bandura, A. (Ed.). Self-efficacy in changing societies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.